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(转)2011年高考英语连词考点及精品练习题(十一)  

2011-03-23 10:06:30|  分类: 英语资源 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2011年高考英语连词考点及精品练习题(十一)

请做以下试题,答案均选A,都是因为句中的并列连词 and(填空句为祈使句):

(1) _______ to the top of the hill, and you can see the whole of the town.

A. Get                                                      B. To get

C. Getting                                                 D. Having got

(2) ______ the milk and set a good example to the other children.

A. Drink                                                   B. To drink

C. Drinking                                               D. Having drinking

(3) ______ me, and then try to copy what I do.

A. Watch                                                  B. Watching

C. To watch                                             D. Have watching

(4) _____ through this book and tell me what you think of it.

A. Look                                                    B. Looking

C. To look                                                D. Having looked

(5) _____ it with me and I’ll see what I can do.

A. Leave                                                   B. Leaving

C. If you leave                                          D. When left

有时不用连词连接句子,而用破折号,情况也是一样(答案均选A)。如:

(6) _____ down the radio — the baby’s asleep in the next room.

A. Turn                                                    B. Turning

C. to turn                                                 D. To have turned

(7) _____ some of this juice — perhaps you will like it.

A. Try                                                      B. Trying

C. To try                                                  D. To have tried

以下各题也应选A,是因为句中的从属连词 when, before, until 等(填空句为祈使句):

(8) ______ him enough time to get home before you telephone.

A. Give                                                    B. To give

C. Giving                                                  D. Given

(9) ______ left when you get to the end of the street.

A. Keep                                                    B. Keeping

C. To keep                                               D. Kept

(10) ______ your hand over your mouth when you cough.

A. Put                                                      B. Putting

C. To put                                                 D. To be putting

(11)______ until the lights have turned to green.

A. Wait                                                    B. To wait

C. Waiting                                                D. Having waited

(12) ______ the pieces of cloth with a loose stitch before finally sewing them together.

A. Join                                                     B. To join

C. Joining                                                 D. Joined

以下各题也应选A,因为填空句为祈使句:

(13) I don’t want to listen a long story — just _____ me the result.

A. tell                                                       B. telling

C. to tell                                                   D. to be telling

(14) Why stand there watching — _____ and help us!

A. come                                                   B. coming

C. to come                                               D. to be coming

(15) Don’t waste your money on silly things — ______ it.

A. save                                                     B. to save

C. saving                                                  D. having saved

(16) First ______ the rice by washing it, then ______ it in boiling water.

A. prepare, cook                                       B. preparing, cooking

C. preparing, cook                                     D. prepare, cooking

(17) To test eggs, _____ them in a bowl of water: if they float they’re bad, if they sink they’re good.

A. put                                                      B. putting

C. to put                                                   D. to be putting

但是请注意,类似下面这样的题目情形有所不同,所填部分为目的状语(用不定式,即答案选B):

(18) ______ French well, she went to France to live with his cousins.

A. Study                                                   B. To study

C. Studying                                              D. Having studied

(19) _____ late in the morning, Mr. Smith turned off the alarm.

A. Sleep                                                   B. To sleep

C. Sleeping                                               D. Having slept

(20) ______ the flies out, we had to shut all the doors and windows.

A. Keep                                                    B. To keep

C. Keeping                                                D. Having kept

(21) ______ their service, the workers of the hotel are active in learning English.

A. Improving                                            B. To improve

C. Improve                                               D. Having improved

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger.

A. put                                                      B. to be putting

C. to put                                                   D. putting

2. When you’re learning to drive, _______ a good teacher makes a big difference.

A. have                                                    B. having

C. and have                                              D. and having

3. I felt it a great honour ______ to speak to you.

A. to ask                                                  B. asking

C. to be asked                                           D. having asked

4. I would love _______ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.

A. to go                                                    B. to have gone

C. going                                                   D. having gone

5. Before you decide to leave your job, _______ the effect it will have on your family.

A. consider                                               B. considering

C. to consider                                           D. considered

6. Robert is said _______ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in.

A. to have studied                                      B. to study

C. to be studying                                       D. to have been studying

7. It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows _______.

A. it what to do with                                  B. what to do it with

C. what to do with it                                  D. to do what with it

8. Anyone _______ bags, boxes, or whatever, was stopped by the police.

A. seen carry                                            B. seen carrying

C. saw to carry                                         D. saw carrying

9. Mr Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to _______ some schools for poor children.

A. set up                                                  B. setting up

C. have set up                                           D. having set up

10. The discovery of new evidence led to _______.

A. the thief having caught                           B. catch the thief

C. the thief being caught                            D. the thief to be caught

11. She looks forward every spring to _______ the flower-lined garden.

A. visit                                                     B. paying a visit

C. walk in                                                 D. walking in

12. To test eggs, _______ them in a bowl of water: if they float they’re bad, if they sink they’re good.

A. put                                                      B. putting

C. to put                                                   D. to be putting

13. “Where is David?” “He is upstairs ______ ready to go out.”

A. to get                                                   B. getting

C. to be getting                                         D. having got

14. “Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day?” “________ enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up.”

A. Get                                                      B. Getting

C. To get                                                  D. to be getting

15. He was reading his book, completely _______ to the world.

A. lost                                                      B. losing

C. to lose                                                  D. to have lost

16. We looked everywhere for the keys, but they are nowhere _______.

A. to find                                                  B. to have found

C. to be found                                           D. being found

17. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______.

A. not to                                                   B. not to do

C. not do it                                               D. do not do

18. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _______ in the kitchen.

A. smoke                                                  B. smoking

C. to smoke                                              D. smoked

19. Finding her car stolen, _______.

A. a policeman was asked to help               

B. the area was searching thoroughly

C. it was looked for everywhere

D. she hurried to a policeman for help

20. “How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers?” “The key ______ the problem is to meet the demand ______ by the customers.”

A. to solving, making                                 B. to solving, made

C. to solve, making                                    D. to solve, made

21. “What do you think made Mary so upset?” “_______ her new bike.”

A. As she lost                                           B. Lost

C. Losing                                                 D. Because of losing

22. The research is so designed that once _______ nothing can be done to change it.

A. begins                                                  B. having begun

C. beginning                                             D. begun

23. Though ________ money, his parents managed to send him to university.

A. lacked                                                  B. lacking of

C. lacking                                                 D. lacked in

24. Tony was very unhappy for _______ to the party.

A. having not been invited                          B. not having invited 

C. having not invited                                  D. not having been invited

25. Though I have often heard this song _______. I have never heard you _______ it.

A. being sung, sang                                   B. sang, singing

C. sung, sing                                            D. to be sung, to sing

26. He is a man of few words, and seldom speaks until _______ to.

A. spoken                                                 B. speaking

C. speak                                                   D. be spoken

28. When I handed the report to John, he said that George was the person _______.

A. to send                                                 B. for sending it

C. to send it to                                          D. for sending it to

29. _______ on time, this medicine will be quite effective. 

A. Taking                                                 B. Being taken

C. Taken                                                  D. Having taken

30. The film star walked to his car, ______ a crowd of journalists.

A. followed by                                          B. following by

C. to follow                                              D. to be followed by

31. After describing the planned improvements, she went on _______ how much they would cost.

A. to explain                                             B. explaining

C. to be explaining                                     D. having explained

32. Please excuse me _______ your letter by mistake.

A. to open                                                B. to have opened

C. for opening                                           D. in opening

33. Please remember _______ the plants while I’m away.

A. watering                                               B. to be watering

C. to water                                               D. being watering

34. Certainly I posted your letter — I remember ______ it.

A. posting                                                 B. to post

C. to be posting                                         D. have posted

35. Stop _______ me to hurry up. I can only go so fast.

A. to tell                                                   B. telling

C. to have told                                          D. having told

36. Remember _______ off the light when _______ to bed.

A. turning, going                                       B. to turn, to go

C. turning, to go                                        D. to turn, going

37. _______ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.

A. Having given                                         B. To give

C. Giving                                                  D. Given

38. _______ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.

A. Being founded                                       B. It was founded

C. Founded                                               D. Founding

39. The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the ________.

A. 20 dollars remained                               B. 20 dollars to remain

C. remained 20 dollars                               D. remaining 20 dollars

40. The picture _______ on the wall is painted by my nephew.

A. having hung                                          B. hanging

C. hangs                                                   D. being hung

41. With a lot of difficult problems ________, the newly-elected president is having a hard time.

A. settled                                                  B. setting

C. to settle                                                D. being settled

42. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains _______ whether they will enjoy it.

A. to see                                                   B. to be seen

C. seeing                                                  D. seen

43. Tony was very unhappy for _______ to the party.

A. having not been invited                          B. not having invited 

C. having not invited                                  D. not having been invited

44. “Good morning. Can I help you?” “I’d like to have this package _______.”

A. be weighed                                           B. to be weighed

C. to weigh                                               D. weighed

45. What have we said _______ her so happy?

A. makes                                                  B. to make

C. made                                                   D. has made

46. What worried the child most was ______ to visit his mother in the hospital.

A. his not allowing                                     B. his not being allowed

C his being not allowed                              D. having not being allowed

47. “Which sweater is yours?” “The one _______ No. 9.”

A. that marked                                          B. was marked with

C. which marked                                       D. marked with

48.If the car won’t start, _____ it.

A. try push                                               B. try pushing

C. to try pushing                                       D. to try to push

49. They stayed up until midnight _____ the old year out and the new year in.

A. and saw                                               B. to see

C. seeing                                                  D. for seeing

【答案与解析】

1. 选D。catch sb doing sth 意为“碰上某人在做某事”或“逮住某做某事”。

2. 选B。这是一个含when 引导时间状语从句的主从复合句,having a good teacher 在主句中用作主语。

3. 选C。句中的 it 为形式主语,不定式 to be asked to speak to you 为真正主语,因“我”与ask为被动关系,故用被动式。

4. 选 B。like 和 love后接不定式或动名词均可,但 would love / like 后只能接不定式,据此可排除选项 C、D。表示过去未曾实现的愿望,其后要接不定式完成式,即选 B。

5. 选A,before 引导的是时间状语从句,填空句为主句,而此主句为一祈使句,故动词用原形。其中 it will have … 为修饰名词 the effect 的宾语从句。

6. 选 A。根据句中的 studied 可知,他曾到国外留过学,也就是说“留学”这个动作已结束并发生在谓语动作(is said)之前,故用完成式,即选 A。

7. 选 C。do with 与 what 连用可以表示“处置”、“放置”、“利用”等。如:

What shall I do with it? 怎样处置它好呢?

What have you done with my umbrella? 你把我的雨伞放到哪     里去了?

I don’t know what to do with this strange object. 我不知道这怪东西有什么用。

8. 选B。anyone seen carrying bags…为 anyone who was seen carrying bags 之略,其中过去分词短语 seen carrying bags … 用作定语修饰代词 anyone。另外,句中的 who was seen carrying bags 为 see sb doing sth 这一结构的被动式。

9. 选 B。devote…to… 的意思是“把……贡献给……”或“致力于……”,其中 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,若后动词要用动名词。句中的 he had 为定语从句,用以修饰 all,注意不将 had to 视为同一个语义结构。

10. 选 C。lead to 意为“导致”,其中的 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,若后接动词要用动名词。由于逻辑主语 the thief 与catch 为被动关系,故答案选 C。

11. 选 D。look forward to 意为“期盼”,其中 to 是介词,后接动词要用动名词。注意不能选 B,因为 pay a visit 不能带 the flower-lined garden 作宾语,假若在 paying a visit 后加上介词 to,则可选 B。

12. 选A。句首的 to test eggs 为目的状语,填空句为祈使句谓语,故要用动词原形。

13. 选B。现在分词短语表伴随。

14. 选C。to get enough protein and nutrition 表目的。

15. 选A。(be) lost to sth 为习语,意为“不再受某事物的影响”、“将某事物置之度外”。

16. 选C。因keys 与 find 是被动关系。

17. 选 A。不定式的否定式总是将否定词 not 置于不定式符号 to 之前,而不能置于其后,同时结合 tell sb (not) to do sth 这一结构可排除选项 C、D。当不定式的动词是前面已出现过的相同的动词时,为避免重复,通常省略该不定式而只保留不定式符号 to。

18. 选 B。find 后可接现在分词(表示动作在进行)或过去分词(表被动关系)作宾语补足语,但是不接不定式。另外,由于he 与 smoke 是主动关系,故选 B。

19. 选 D。非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语就是句子主语。比较四个选项,finding her car stolen 的逻辑主语显然是 she,而不是 a policeman, the area, it 等,故选 D。

20. 选 B。the key to… 意为“……的关键”,其中的 to 是介词,不是不定式符号,若后接动词要用动名词。另一方面,名词 demand 与 make 是被动关系(make demands 提出要求),同时根据句中的 by the customers,可确定答案选 B。

21. 选 C。答句是针对疑问词 what 的回答,而问句中的疑问词 what 在句中用作主语,所以答句也应是一个能用作主语的东西,比较四个选项,只有C合适。其完整回答形式为 Losing her new bike made Mary so upset. 比较,下面一题要填不定式,因为四个选项中只有 To choose a new chairman 能回答疑问词 why:

“Why was a special meeting called?” “______ a new chairman.”

A. Choose                                                B. Choosing

C. To choose                                            D. Chosen

22. 选 D。由于 the research 与 begin 是被动关系,故用过去分词 begun。Once begun 可视为 once it is begun 之省略。

23. 选 C。由于 his parents 与 lack money(缺钱)是主动关系,故用现在分词,又因为 lack 是及物动词,故后接宾语无需用介词,故选 C。

24. 选 D。非谓语动词的否定式要将否定词 not 放在整个非谓语动词之前,据此可排除 A、C。另外,由于 Tony 与 invite 是被动关系,故选 D。

25. C。第一空填 sung,因为 song 与 sing 是被动关系;第二空填 sing,因为 you 与 sing 是主动关系。

27. 选 A。until spoken to 可视为 until he is spoken to 之略。

28. 选C,不定式短语to send it to 用作这语,修饰其前的名词 the person。注意句尾的介词 to 不能省略,因为被修饰的名词 the person 为介词 to 的逻辑宾语。

29. 选 C。this medicine 与动词take 为被动关系,故用过去分词。

30. 选A。从句意上看,人群跟在明星后面,反过来,明星便是被人群跟着。

31. 选A。go on doing sth = 继续做同一事情,go on to do sth = 做完某事后续继做某事。

32. 选C。excuse sb for doing sth 意为“原谅某人做了某事”。

33. 选C。remember doing sth = 记住曾经做过的事,remember to do sth = 记住要做的事。

34. 选A。remember doing sth = 记住曾经做过的事,remember to do sth = 记住要做的事。

35. 选B。根据下文的 I can only go so fast 知前文应是叫对方不要老催自己快走。比较:stop doing sth = 停止做某事,stop to do sth = 停下正在做的事去干另一事。

36. 选D。一是分清以下两个结构:remember to do sth=记住做某事,remember doing sth=记住曾做过某事;二是注意 when going to bed 相当于 when you go to bed。

37. 选 D。由于动词 give 与其逻辑主语 he 是动宾关系,故用过去分词,即选 D。其中 Given time 可视为 If he is given time 之略。

38. C。由于 Harvard(哈佛大学)与 found(建立)是被动关系,且因句中有 in 1636,故选 C。注意不能选 B,否则前后两句之间缺少必要的连词。

39. 选D,由于 remain 为不及物动词,所以包含过去分词 remained的A和C不宜选(因为两者均含有被动意味);选项B也不宜选,不定式to remain 用作修饰 20 dollars 的后置定语,由于彼此之间有逻辑上的动宾关系,故不妥(因为 remain 不及物)。现在分词remaining 的意思是“剩下的”。

40. 选 B。动词 hang 表示“悬挂”时,可用作及物或不及物动词,此处填 hanging 或 hung 均可,但不能填 being hung,因为它表示动作正在进行,而此处表示的是一种悬挂的状态。

41. 选 C。“with+名词+不定式”的意思是“有……要……”。又如:

I can’t go out with all these clothes to wash.  要洗这些衣服,我无法出去了。

With such good cardres to carry out the Party’s policy we feel safe. 有这样的好干部执行党的政策,我们感到放心。

42. 选 B。remain 作“尚需”解,是连系动词,其后要接不定式作表语。由于 see 与 it(形式主语,指whether they will enjoy it)是动宾关系,因此用不定式的被动式。

43. 选 D。否定词 not 应放在动名词之前,故排除A、C;又因为 Tony 与 invite 是被动关系,故选 D。

44. 选 D。“have+名词或代词+过去分词”结构在此表示“请某人做某事”。

45. 选 B。to make her so happy 是结果状语。注意词序What have we…,不是 What we have…。比较下面一题(答案选D):

What we have said ________ her so happy.

A. makes                                                  B. to make

C. made                                                   D. has made

46. 选 B。否定词 not 应放在-ing 形式之前,逻辑主语 his 之后,由此可排除 C 和 D;又因为 the child 与 allow 是被动关系,故选 B。

47. 选D。marked with 可视为 which is marked with No. 9 之略。

48. 选B。注意句首为if 引导的条件状语从句,填空句为祈使句,故第一个动词应是try,不应是 to try;另外,try doing sth 的意思是“做某事试试看有何效果”。

49. 选 B。不定式表目的。

 

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